Profile of the
Female Mayors in
Brazil (2017-2020)

Research reveals who are the women who govern Brazil

The survey, which heard 45 percent of the 649 elected female mayors in 2016, shows that women who lead the municipalities accumulate experience in politics on their trajectory, have more years of study than male mayors, and overcome enormous challenges in small counties and without resources.

The Alziras Institute is an organization that aims to develop tools to contribute to increasing women's participation in politics. For this, we believe that it is fundamental to understand the experiences of women in municipal politics, because it is the gateway and the basis of building a significant part of political careers.

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How many
and where?

Few are elected and govern the smaller and poorer municipalities

Women are

51%

Of the population, but
govern only

12%

Of the City Halls
of Brazil

Black women are

27%

Of the population, but
govern only

3%

Of the City Halls
of Brazil

The Female Mayors have
under their jurisdiction only

7%

of the population of Brazil

Of the total of
Female Mayors in office

91%

of them were elected in
municipalities with up to

50,000 inhabitants

the per capita GDP ranges
of the municipalities:

R$ 17,800

Governed by female mayors

R$ 19,700

Governed by male mayors

What is the Profile of the
Female Mayors in Brazil?

The Trajectory of the
Brazilian Female Mayors

Political leadership, experience in public management and more years of studies than men.

50%

of the male mayors have completed
higher education

71%

of the female mayors have completed
higher education

42%

of the female mayors have a
post-graduate qualification

70%

of female mayors occupied non-elective public offices or positions of trust mainly in the areas of:

60% of the female Mayors have already been elected to other positions previously

32%

Elected
Female Mayors

30%

Elected
City Councilor

13%

Elected
Vice-Mayors

2%

Elected
Deputies

88% of the female mayors have previous political experience before being elected:

41%

participated in municipal councils of public policies

41%

in religious and pastoral entities, or solidarity groups linked to the Church

33%

in social assistance entities

29%

social movements

46%

of the Female Mayors elected in 2016
competed for the office for the first time

45%

Are black and mixed race

46%

Are from the Northeast

66%

have already occupied positions of trust or non-elective offices

Female Mayors by region and by existence of an elected relative

% of the total of female mayors by region

Women who inspire

Names most cited by the female mayors

What are the main
difficulties?

The main difficulties that they face in their political career and that are attributed to the fact of being a woman

53%

of the brazilian female mayors claim to have suffered political harassment or violence for the simple fact of being women

48%

lack of campaign funds

30%

harassment and symbolic violence in the political arena

24%

lack of space in the media, in comparison with male politicians

23%

absence of merit for their work or their words

22%

lack of support from the party and/or the allied base

22%

strain of housework, making it difficult to participate in politics

8%

lack of family support

Desire to compete for other elections in the future

56%

yes

32%

do not know

12%

no

What are the
priorities?

Public Policies and Priorities of Government
of the Female Mayors in Brazil

69%

of the female mayors claimed to have some type of specific action or policies for women

women encourage the participation of more women in politics

55%

of the Female Mayors have a secretariat comprising of over

40 % women

Download the full report

Access the full publication with data on campaign fundraising, domestic labor division, gender-based violence, campaign promises, and ways to broaden women's political participation.

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Realization

Institutional Supporters

Sponsors of the research

Pro bono Law Office